Pinochet – Life and Legacy in Chile

Like many of history’s famous dictators, Augusto Pinochet – Chile’s ruler from 1973 to 1990 – has many in the world who condemn him to this day. What some may not know, however, is that many in Chile still remember the 1973 Coup that Pinochet led with gratitude, seeing his rule as a stabilizing force that averted a communist takeover, ending his predecessor’s disastrous economic policies and making Chile today the country with the highest per-capita GDP in Latin America. Today we examine this man’s history, and his legacy.

— Timeline —

-1948- Augusto Pinochet appointed to run Pisagua prison camp
-1953- Salvador Allende leads a public grieving session for the death of Stalin
-1959- Pinochet returns to Chile from Peru
-1970- Allende elected President of Chile, quickly nationalizes key industries such as mining from multinational corporations, increases social spending
-1970-75- inflation in Chile, peaks at of over 800% annually
-1973- Pinochet leads all branches of the military in a coup to unseat Allende, who allegedly commits suicide
-1974- DINA assassinations of leftist sympathizers with likely support from the CIA
-1980- Constitution of Chile approved by voters
-1990- Pinochet granted Senator for Life status
-1998- Pinochet visits Margaret Thatcher
-1998-99- British authorities place him under house arrest after the ICC threatens to try him in Spain for human rights abuses
-2000- Pinochet allowed to return to Chile on pretense of ill health
-2000-06- Pinochet faces continued legal harassment until his death

— References —

– Coup d’Etat: A Practical Handbook, Luttwak (1979)
– The Passing of a Tyrant, The Economist (2006) – http://www.economist.com/node/8413038
– Nixon, Kissinger, and Allende – US Involvement in the 1973 Coup in Chile, Qureshi (2009)
– A Regional Responsibility to Protect, Slaughter (2014)
– Augusto Pinochet – The Life and Legacy, Charles River Editors (2016)
– Red Ink: The high human cost of the Cuban revolution, Garvin, (2016) – http://www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/cuba/article118282148.html
– Chile Inflation Rate – 1951-2017 – http://www.tradingeconomics.com/chile/inflation-cpi
– Economic Freedom Index, Heritage Foundation (2017) – http://www.heritage.org/index/ranking
– Miracle of Chile, Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miracle_of_Chile
– Operation Condor, Wikipedia – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Condor

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s