Malcolm X – Separation or Death

Malcolm X was once asked by a white journalist what he thought of the efforts of Martin Luther King to help blacks get the right to sit anywhere on the bus. He responded, “Having an opportunity to ride on the front, back, or middle of someone else’s bus doesn’t dignify you. When you have your…

LA Riots – Racial Powderkeg

Los Angeles has had a history of race riots since the 1940s. James LaFond joins to discuss the implications for America’s second largest city and the country as a whole in this week’s episode.. — References — – Slaughter of Cities, Jones (2009) – Clash of Colors: LA Riots of 1992, Kim (2012) – Man…

Spanish Civil War – Collapse of the Left

By 1937 and the bombing of Guernica, Spanish Republican forces were seeing the beginning of the end of their struggle against Franco’s fascists. As the nationalists cut off Catalonia and effectively isolated Madrid from the French and Portuguese borders in 1938, infighting amongst the anarchist, communist and Republican coalition compounded their situation. By April, 1939,…