Spanish Civil War – Collapse of the Left

By 1937 and the bombing of Guernica, Spanish Republican forces were seeing the beginning of the end of their struggle against Franco’s fascists. As the nationalists cut off Catalonia and effectively isolated Madrid from the French and Portuguese borders in 1938, infighting amongst the anarchist, communist and Republican coalition compounded their situation. By April, 1939, Franco’s forces had won. After a war that had lasted a little over two and a half years, approximately 500,000 people lay dead, or about 2% of Spain’s total population.


The Myth of the 20th Century – Ep56 – Spanish Civil War – Collapse of the Left

— Timeline —

– March, 1937 – Basque Offensive: with no more than 40,000 infantry, fewer than their Basque opponents but able to concentrate on the points of attack (providing local superiority), supported by nearly 200 planes and 200 pieces of artillery.
– 1937–1938 – Northern Campaigns: first appearance in Europe of World War II-style combined arms (but with only very limited use of light tanks) and the first systematic air-to-ground support, although such tactics had to some extent been essayed on the Western front in 1917–18
– August-September 1937 – Saragosa Offensive(s):
-Spanish Foreign Legion instrumental in devastating Republican offensive
-Republicans attempt to utilize Soviet and Spanish armor alongside waves of communist volunteers; ends with almost no ground held and huge loses/lack of coordination
-Molotov cocktail developed, Republican armor strategies thrown out the window
– September 1st – October 24th – Asturias captured, Santander captured: the loss of the northern zone was a strategic disaster to the Republicans
– Spring of 1938 – Franco conquers Aragon
– July, 1938 – Battle of Brunette: failed Republican attempt at counterassault in Center-Spain
– April 1938 – Franco conquers Aragon: pushes all the way to the Mediterranean, slicing Republican forces in half; chooses to avoid invoking French retaliation over Catalonia and invades Valencia
– 1938 – invasion of Catalonia, completely securing the border with France and isolating the Republican regime
– April, 1939 – Spanish Civil War ends with fascist victory

— References —

– What is Spanish Falangism?, Evola (1937) –
– Spanish Civil War, BBC (1983)
– The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936–1939, Beevor (2006)
– The Victorious Counterrevolution: The Nationalist Effort in the Spanish Civil War, Seidman (2011)
– The Spanish Civil War, Payne (2012)
– Spain & the Failure of Reaction, Hood (2014) –
– Remembering José Antonio Primo de Rivera: April 24, 1903–November 20, 1936, Morgan (2017) –

4 Comments Add yours

  1. Eoin Chadwick says:

    @9m – pick up (one’s) marbles and go home

    To abandon or withdraw from a project, situation, or activity in a petulant manner because one does not like way in which it is progressing. It seems that the governor is ready to pick up his marbles and go home if the state senate isn’t willing to increase the funds for the redevelopment scheme. The danger of relying on a private organization to fund a political campaign is that they may pick up their marbles and go home if the candidate doesn’t do everything that’s in the company’s interest.


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